Environmental Management Systems – Your A – Z guide

The ISO 14000 Environmental Management Series

The ISO 14000 series of standards provides a comprehensive set of tools available to companies to:

  • minimize harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities, and to
  • achieve continual improvement of its environmental performance.

The following page gives details on all the standards in the ISO 14000 family and those that are currently under development. For further information on ISO (International Organization for Standardization) visit www.iso.ch. The ISO 14000 series can be purchased through the online IEMA shop with a 5% discount on the retail price (15% discount for IEMA members). To order a copy of the standard click on the standard required below.

ISO 14004: 2004 Environmental Management Systems: General Guidelines on Principles, Systems and Supporting Techniques

ISO 14004:2004 provides guidance on the establishment, implementation, maintenance and improvement of an environmental management system and its coordination with other management systems.

The guidelines in ISO 14004:2004 are applicable to any organization, regardless of its size, type, location or level of maturity. While the guidelines in ISO 14004:2004 are consistent with the ISO 14001:2004 environmental management system model, they are not intended to provide interpretations of the requirements of ISO 14001:2004.

ISO 19011: 2002 Guidelines for quality and/or environmental management systems auditing

ISO 19011:2002 provides guidance on the principles of auditing, managing audit programmes, conducting quality management system audits and environmental management system audits, as well as guidance on the competence of quality and environmental management system auditors.

It is applicable to all organizations needing to conduct internal or external audits of quality and/or environmental management systems or to manage an audit programme.

The application of ISO 19011 to other types of audits is possible in principle provided that special consideration is paid to identifying the competence needed by the audit team members in such cases.

ISO 14015: 2001 Environmental Management – Environmental assessment of sites and organisations (EASO)

ISO 14015:2001 shows you a systematic process of identifying environmental aspects and environmental issues and determining, if appropriate, their business consequences.

It explains the roles and responsibilities of everyone involved in the assessment, including the client, the assessor and the representative of the assessee. The standard also demonstrates all the stages of the assessment process, from planning, information gathering and validation through to evaluation and reporting.

ISO 14020: 2000 Environmental labels and declarations – General principles

Sets general principles for environmental labelling and declarations.

ISO 14021: 1999 Environmental labels and declarations – Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling)

This standard specifies conditions for using certain self-declared statements (e.g. recyclable, degradable, compostable, designed for disassembly), symbols and logos. It also describes a general evaluation and verification process for making or checking claims.

ISO 14021 forms the basis of the Governments’s Code of Practice on Green Claims. The code states that the Advertising Standards Authority, the Independent Television Commission or the Radio Authority “will take appropriate account of the detailed guidance in ISO 14021 when investigating complaints about environmental claims.

ISO 14024:1999 Environmental labels and declarations – Type I environmental labelling – Principles and procedures

This standard sets out the principles and procedures for establishing Type 1 environmental labelling programmes. Type 1 labels are those based on pre-determined environmental performance criteria, against which products can be evaluated. Examples include the Nordic Swan and the Blue Angel.

ISO 14025: 2000 Environmental labels and declarations -- Type III environmental declarations (Technical Report)

Type III environmental declarations present quantified environmental information on the life cycle of a product to enable comparisons between products fulfilling the same function.

ISO 14031: 1999 Environmental management - Environmental Performance Evaluation – Guidelines

Environmental performance evaluation (EPE), the subject of this International Standard, is an internal management process and tool designed to provide management with reliable and verifiable information on an ongoing basis to determine whether an organisation’s environmental performance is meeting the criteria set by the management of the organisation, EPE is an embedded feature of the BS 8555 standard.

Environmental performance evaluation can be divided into three types of useful information.

  1. Management Performance Indicators (MPI) provide information about the management efforts to influence an organization’s environmental performance.
  2. Operational Performance Indicators (OPI) provide information about the performance of an organization’s operations
  3. Environmental Condition Indicators (ECI) provide information about the local, regional, national or global condition of the environment

ISO 14032: 1999 Environmental management – Examples of Environmental Performance Evaluation (Technical Report)

This is a support standard for ISO 14031, giving examples on how to apply ISO 14031.

ISO 14040: 1997 Environmental management - Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Framework

ISO 14040:2006 describes the principles and framework for life cycle assessment (LCA) including: definition of the goal and scope of the LCA, the life cycle inventory analysis (LCI) phase, the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) phase, the life cycle interpretation phase, reporting and critical review of the LCA, limitations of the LCA, the relationship between the LCA phases, and conditions for use of value choices and optional elements.

ISO 14040:2006 covers life cycle assessment (LCA) studies and life cycle inventory (LCI) studies. It does not describe the LCA technique in detail, nor does it specify methodologies for the individual phases of the LCA.

The intended application of LCA or LCI results is considered during definition of the goal and scope, but the application itself is outside the scope of this International Standard.

ISO 14044:2006 Environmental management - Life Cycle Assessment – Requirements and Guidelines

ISO 14044:2006 specifies requirements and provides guidelines for life cycle assessment (LCA) including: definition of the goal and scope of the LCA, the life cycle inventory analysis (LCI) phase, the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) phase, the life cycle interpretation phase, reporting and critical review of the LCA, limitations of the LCA, relationship between the LCA phases, and conditions for use of value choices and optional elements.

ISO 14044:2006 covers life cycle assessment (LCA) studies and life cycle inventory (LCI) studies.

ISO 14047: 2003 Environmental management -- Life cycle impact assessment -- Examples of application of ISO 14042 (Technical Report)

ISO/TR 14047:2003 provides examples to illustrate current practice in carrying out a life cycle impact assessment in accordance with ISO 14042. These are only examples of the total possible "ways" to satisfy the provisions of ISO 14042. They reflect the key elements of the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) phase of the LCA. (Note –ISO 14042 was withdrawn in 2006, content has been incorporated into the 2006 versions of ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).

ISO 14048: 2002 Environmental management -- Life cycle assessment -- Data documentation format (Technical Specification)

ISO 14049: 2000 Environmental management -- Life cycle assessment -- Examples of application of ISO 14041 to goal and scope definition and inventory analysis (Technical Report)

(Note: ISO 14041 was withdrawn in 2006, content has been incorporated into the 2006 versions of ISO 14040 and ISO 14044)

ISO 14050: 2002 Environmental management – vocabularyM

This International Standard contains definitions of fundamental concepts related to environmental management, published in the ISO 14000 family of International Standards.

ISO 14061: 1998 Information to assist forestry organizations in the use of Environmental Management System standards ISO 14001 and ISO 14004 (Technical Report)

ISO 14062: 2002 Environmental management - Integrating environmental aspects into product design and development

ISO/TR 14062:2002 describes concepts and current practices relating to the integration of environmental aspects into product design and development.

ISO/TR 14062:2002 is applicable to the development of sector-specific documents. It is not applicable as a specification for certification and registration purposes.

ISO Guide 64: 1997 Guide for the inclusion of environmental aspects in product standards

This is a standard for product standard writers to help them integrate environmental issues into non-environmental product standards. It is currently being updated, with a revised version being published in 2008. Once the new edition is published, it is likely to be adopted as a European (CEN) standard.

ISO 14063:2006 Environmental communication -- Guidelines and examples

ISO 14063:2006 gives guidance to an organization on general principles, policy, strategy and activities relating to both internal and external environmental communication.

It utilizes proven and well-established approaches for communication, adapted to the specific conditions that exist in environmental communication.

It is applicable to all organizations regardless of their size, type, location, structure, activities, products and services, and whether or not they have an environmental management system in place.

ISO 14063:2006 is not intended for use as a specification standard for certification or registration purposes or for the establishment of any other environmental management system conformity requirements. It can be used in combination with any of the ISO 14000 series of standards, or on its own.

ISO 14064-1:2006 Greenhouse gases -- Part 1: Specification for the quantification, monitoring and reporting of organization emissions and removals

ISO 14064-1:2006 specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greehouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization's GHG inventory.

ISO 14064-2:2006 Greenhouse gases -- Part 2: Specification for the quantification, monitoring and reporting of project emissions and removals

ISO 14064-2:2006 specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality.

ISO 14064-3:2006 Greenhouse gases -- Part 3: Specification and guidance for validation and verification

ISO 14064-3:2006 specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for those conducting or managing the validation and/or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions.

It can be applied to organizational or GHG project quantification, including GHG quantification, monitoring and reporting carried out in accordance with ISO 14064-1 or ISO 14064-2.

ISO 14064-3:2006 specifies requirements for selecting GHG validators/verifiers, establishing the level of assurance, objectives, criteria and scope, determining the validation/verification approach, assessing GHG data, information, information systems and controls, evaluating GHG assertions and preparing validation/verification statements.

ISO 14065:2007 Greenhouse gases -- Specification for bodies providing validation or verification assessments

ISO 14065:2007 specifies principles and requirements for bodies that undertake validation or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions.

It is GHG programme neutral. If a GHG programme is applicable, the requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of ISO 14065:2007.

ISO 14005:xxx

TC 207/SC 1/WG 3 Environmental management system - Guide for the phased implementation of an environmental management system -Including the use of environmental performance evaluation This standard is currently under development. At present, it is unclear whether it will be adopted as a standard.

ISO/DIS 14050